Italy’s Leone Film Group, the company founded by Spaghetti Western master Sergio Leone… But it is my film". A very appropriate goodbye to his beloved genre. [22] The Italians also made Wild Bill Hickok films, while the German twenties saw back-woods Westerns featuring Bela Lugosi as Uncas. With Henry Fonda, Charles Bronson, Claudia Cardinale, Jason Robards. Directed by Sergio Leone. Patrick McGilligan. 5 Unmade Movies From Spaghetti Western Maestro Sergio Leone. In Italy, the American West as a dramatic setting for spectacles goes back at least as far as Giacomo Puccini's 1910 opera La fanciulla del West; it is sometimes considered to be the first Spaghetti Western. See more ideas about Sergio leone, Spaghetti western, Western movies. But it was drastically cut for U.S. release and got lukewarm reviews. Though he directed only seven films, their impact has been wide and long-lasting, including making Clint … Westernul spaghetti sau westernul italian este porecla unui larg sub-gen de filme occidentale care au apărut la mijlocul anilor 1960, inspirate de stilul unic al regizorului italian Sergio Leone și care au avut succes internațional la box-office.A fost numit astfel de majoritatea criticilor americani deoarece au fost produse și regizate de către italieni. In later years there were "return of stories", Django 2 with Franco Nero and Troublemakers with Terence Hill and Bud Spencer. There is a section for each of the five westerns that Leone shot in Spain, plus links to maps and other resources. [citation needed], Italian cinema often borrowed from other films without regard for infringement, and Leone famously borrowed the plot for A Fistful of Dollars, receiving a letter from Japanese director Akira Kurosawa congratulating him on making "...a very fine film. . [citation needed] In this seminal film, the hero enters a town that is ruled by two outlaw gangs, and ordinary social relations are non-existent. "[17] He remarks that few critics dared admit that they were, in fact, "bored with an exhausted Hollywood genre. Leone said he made the film about Jewish gangsters because there were already too many films about Italian gangsters, including “The Godfather” and “The Godfather II.”, “I’ve always been fascinated by evil,” the director said in a 1982 interview with The Times, “because underneath you find that bad is sometimes better in a certain way than good. [38][39] Requiem for a Gringo shows many traces from another well-known Japanese film, Masaki Kobayashi's Harakiri. The western craze had started. The Lumière brothers made their first public screening of films in 1895 and already in 1896 Gabriel Veyre shot Repas d'Indien ("Indian Banquet") for them. Spaghetti Western old hand Franco Nero also worked in this subgenre with Cipolla Colt and Tomas Milian plays an outrageous "quick" bounty hunter modeled on Charlie Chaplin's Little Tramp in Sometimes Life Is Hard – Right Providence? The wronged hero who becomes an avenger appears in many Spaghetti Westerns. The music video for the song "Knights of Cydonia" by the English rock band Muse was influenced by Spaghetti Westerns. He betrays and plays the gangs against one another in order to make money. Several Spaghetti Westerns are inspired by classical myths and dramas. That film was followed by yet another Western, “Duck, You Sucker” in 1972. [3], According to veteran Spaghetti Western actor Aldo Sambrell, the phrase "Spaghetti Western" was coined by Spanish journalist Alfonso Sánchez. The first Italian Western movie was La Vampira Indiana (1913) – a combination of Western and vampire film. Frayling (2006) pp.82 finds over thirty Django films, with renaming in French versions included. The 1969 film--which also starred Charles Bronson, Jason Robards and a host of famous character actors--with its impeccable photography and epic score (again by Morricone), is considered one of Leone’s masterpieces, “This is the Western to the 100th power, stylized right up to and through the point of Kabuki.”. The term was used by American critics and those in other countries because most of these Westerns were produced and directed by Italians. Use of pathos received a big boost with Sergio Corbucci's influential Django. Sergio Leone Western Movie Locations 'For a fistful of dollars', what a splendid idea Sergio Leone had, to name his movie, shot in 1964 in the Desert of Tabernas (Almeria). However, Leone’s imagination was captured by the American Westerns he saw as a child, so he raised $250,000 and went to Spain to shoot “A Fistful of Dollars,” despite the prevailing opinion that the genre was in decline. Italo-Western is also used, especially in Germany. The band Big Audio Dynamite used music samples from Spaghetti Westerns when mixing their song "Medicine Show". These films have been listed among the best Westerns of any variety. This film concerns oppression of poor Mexicans by rich Anglos and ends on a call for arms but it does not fit easily as a Zapata Western. The humor started in those movies already, with scenes with comedic fighting, but the Barboni films became burlesque comedies. In a career that spanned four decades, Leone is best known for the series of Westerns he made in Spain, Italy and eventually the United States in the 1960s. Many of these films enjoyed both good takes at the box office and attention from critics. L.A. County’s spiking COVID hospitalizations are literally heading off the charts. [41] A more accurate genre label for the film is the "Dacoit Western", as it combined the conventions of Indian dacoit films such as Mother India (1957) and Gunga Jumna (1961) with that of Spaghetti Westerns. [42], In the Soviet Union, the Spaghetti Western was adapted into the Ostern ("Eastern") genre of Soviet films. The Good, The Bad And The Ugly (Sergio Leone, 1966) 2. “He said, ‘I feel like I’m going to faint,’ and then he was dead,” she said. Most succeeding Spaghetti Westerns tried to get a ragged, laconic hero with superhuman weapon skill, preferably one who looked like Clint Eastwood: Franco Nero, Giuliano Gemma, John Garko and Terence Hill started out that way; Anthony Steffen and others stayed that way all their Spaghetti Western career. [48], The dictionary definition of Spaghetti Western at Wiktionary, Frayling (2006) pp. The theme of age in For a Few Dollars More, where the younger bounty killer learns valuable lessons from his more experienced colleague and eventually becomes his equal, is taken up in Day of Anger and Death Rides a Horse. In The Great Silence and A Minute to Pray, a Second to Die, the heroes instead fight bounty killers. It’s very difficult to do, but I try not to romanticize too much. Parolini made some more Sabata movies while Giuliano Carnimeo made a whole series of Sartana films with Garko. The Spaghetti Western – so-called due to its low-budget Italian production – is a thrice-removed facsimile of the real thing, passed down through pulp literature via American film adaptation. [7], The term Paella Western has been used for the many Western films produced in Spain. Some movies that were not very successful at the box office[36] still earn a "cult" status in some segment of the audience because of certain exceptional features in story and/or presentation. These films typically featured cold-hearted, gunslinging loners who dueled on sparse and sun-scorched landscapes to the accompaniment of a grandiose score, usually by composer Ennio Morricone. Those films, which became known as “spaghetti Westerns,” included: “A Fistful of Dollars,” produced in 1964; “For a Few Dollars More,” produced in 1965, and “The Good, the Bad and the Ugly,” made in 1968. In subsequent films like Any Gun Can Play, One Dollar Too Many and Kill Them All and Come Back Alone several main characters repeatedly form alliances and betray each other for monetary gain. This marked the beginning of Spain as a suitable film shooting location for any kind of European western. His Spaghetti Western equivalent would be the Western œuvre of Demofilo Fidani. Over six hundred European Westerns were made between 1960 and 1978. I am cynical enough not to romanticize too much.”. Sergio Leone’s spaghetti Westerns had a profound influence upon the Western in this country and served to revitalize one of our few uniquely American art forms. They are opposed by an unstable partnership between a whistle-blower (Giuliano Gemma) and a political aide. The Italian "low" popular film production was usually low-budget and low-profit, and the easiest way to success was imitating a proven success. Giuliano Gemma starred in a series of successful films carrying this theme – Adiós gringo, For a Few Extra Dollars, Long Days of Vengeance, Wanted, and to some extent Blood for a Silver Dollar – where most often his character is called "Gary". Furthermore, by far the most commercially successful of this lot was Sergio Leone's A Fistful of Dollars whose innovations in cinematic style, music, acting and story decided the future for the genre. The Spaghetti Western, also known as Italian Western or (primarily in Japan) Macaroni Western, is a broad subgenre of Western films that emerged in the mid-1960s in the wake of Sergio Leone's film-making style and international box-office success. One of the first Westerns to be filmed in the United States was The Bank Robbery (1908), which starred actual lawmen and reformed bank robbers, plus a cameo by Quanah Parker. In the years following, the use of cunning and irony became more prominent. In Leone's film Eastwood's character is an unshaven bounty hunter, dressed similarly to his character in A Fistful of Dollars, who enters an unstable partnership with Colonel Mortimer (Lee Van Cleef), an older bounty killer who uses more sophisticated weaponry and wears a suit, and in the end turns out to also be an avenger. [33], The music for the two Trinity westerns (composed by Franco Micalizzi and Guido & Maurizio De Angelis, respectively) also reflected the change into a lighter and more sentimental mood. This was also the time when every other hero or villain in Spaghetti Westerns started carrying a musical watch, after its ingenious use in For a Few Dollars More. While A Fistful of Dollars, one of the best Westerns of all time,was an instant smash hit overseas, American audiences had largely grown tired of the Western genre. In non-singing roles were Ringo Starr as a villain in Blindman and French rock 'n' roll veteran Johnny Hallyday as the gunfighter/avenger hero in Sergio Corbucci's The Specialists. Passion and Defiance: Film in Italy from 1942 to the Present. [20][21] Why a negative COVID test doesn’t ‘clear’ you for holiday gatherings. Directors like Sergio Leone took this opportunity to create films in the Spaghetti Western genre. I want to show the romantic side of evil in an ambience that is not at all romantic. Ironically, the Italian film maker who earned acclaim for his films on life in America, hardly spoke English and gave most of his directions through an interpreter. and Here We Go Again, Eh, Providence?[35]. However, the considerable box office success of Enzo Barboni's They Call Me Trinity and the pyramidal one of its follow-up Trinity Is Still My Name gave Italian filmmakers a new model to emulate. The Spaghetti Western is a movie about the American … But he used his real name in later films, and won a cult following in this country because of his careful attention to historical detail and infusion of realism. Leone also made Once Upon a Time in the West in 1968, starring Charles Bronson and Henry Fonda. Apr 30, 2012 12:58 pm @olilyttelton. The Spaghetti Western, also known as Italian Western or (primarily in Japan) Macaroni Western, is a broad subgenre of Western films that emerged in the mid-1960s in the wake of Sergio Leone's film-making style and international box-office success. Leone shot “A Fistful of Dollars” under the pseudonym Bob Robertson, believing it would be better received as an all-American product. Since there is no real consensus about where to draw the exact line between Spaghetti Westerns and other Eurowesterns (or other Westerns in general) one cannot say which one of the films mentioned so far was the first Spaghetti Western. An Italian critic has compared these comedies to American Bob Hope vehicles.[26]. What are Spaghetti Westerns? The interaction in this story between cunning and irony (the tricks, deceits, unexpected actions and sarcasm of the hero) on the one hand, and pathos (terror and brutality against defenseless people and against the hero after his double-cross has been revealed) on the other, was aspired to and sometimes attained by the imitations that soon flooded the cinemas. Sergio Corbucci's The Mercenary and Compañeros also belong here, as does Tepepa by Giulio Petroni – among others. In 1961 an Italian company co-produced the French Taste of Violence, with a Mexican Revolution theme. [5] The typical Spaghetti Western team was made up of an Italian director, Italo-Spanish[6] technical staff, and a cast of Italian, Spanish, German, and American actors. His wife, Carla, told Italian television the attack came as she and Leone were in bed watching TV. He first directed a film in 1961 with “The Colossus of Rhodes,” one of a series of popular mythological films made in Rome at the time. ", Pauline Kael, he notes, was willing to acknowledge this critical ennui and thus appreciate how a film such as Akira Kurosawa's Yojimbo (1961) "could exploit the conventions of the Western genre, while debunking its morality." Because the two model stories contained religious pacifists to account for the absence of gunplay, all the successors contained religious groups or at least priests, sometimes as one of the heroes. Liehm, Mira. In both cases Lee Van Cleef carries on as the older hero versus Giuliano Gemma and John Phillip Law, respectively. [23] During and after the Second World War there were scattered European uses of Western settings, mostly for comedy or musical comedy. [8] The term Eurowesterns may be used to also include similar Western movies that were produced in Continental Europe but without involvement by Italians, like the West German Winnetou films or the Soviet Ostern (Eastern) films. [34], Some critics deplore these post-Trinity films as a degeneration of the "real" Spaghetti Westerns, and that Hill's and Spencer's skilful use of body language was a hard act to follow. These movies were originally released in Italian or with Italian dubbing, but as most of the films featured multilingual casts and sound was post-synched, most "western all'italiana" do not have an official dominant language. It is significant that the most successful of the post-Trinity films featured Hill (Man of the East, A Genius, Two Partners and a Dupe), Spencer (It Can Be Done Amigo) and a pair of Hill/Spencer look-alikes in Carambola. In 1965, Bruno Bozzetto released his traditionally animated feature film West and Soda, a Western parody with a marked Spaghetti Western-theme; despite having been released a year after Sergio Leone's seminal Spaghetti Western A Fistful of Dollars, development of West and Soda actually began a year earlier than Fistful's and lasted longer, mainly because of the use of more time-demanding animation over regular acting. Beside the first three Spaghetti Westerns by Leone, a most influential film was Sergio Corbucci's Django starring Franco Nero. [citation needed] In the last phase of the Spaghetti Western, with the Trinity films, the Leone legacy had been transformed almost beyond recognition, as terror and deadly violence gave way to harmless brawling and low comedy. It was followed in 1961 by Savage Guns, a British-Spanish western, again filmed in Spain. See more ideas about Sergio leone, Spaghetti western, Sergio. In A Pistol for Ringo a traditional sheriff commissions a money-oriented hero played by Giuliano Gemma (with more pleasing manners than Eastwood's character) to infiltrate a gang of Mexican bandits whose leader is played typically by Fernando Sancho. Oct 14, 2017 - Explore Derick's board "Sergio Leone western" on Pinterest. Director Sergio Leone, whose widely imitated films spawned the “spaghetti Western” genre and made Clint Eastwood an international celebrity, died of a heart attack Sunday in Rome. Of the Western-related European films before 1964, the one attracting most attention is probably Luis Trenker's Der Kaiser von Kalifornien (1936), about John Sutter. The critically acclaimed film maker, whose credits include “A Fistful of Dollars,” “The Good, the Bad and The Ugly,” “Once Upon a Time in the West” and “Once Upon a Time in America,” was 60. God's Gun was filmed in Israel.[16]. “He was a person whom everyone will miss so much, because, among other things, he was a real genius.”. See more ideas about Sergio leone, Spaghetti western, Sergio. The term is used by Fridlund (2006) pp. After Leone, there is Sergio Corbucci, whose Django (1966) is the genre’s vengeance tale par excellence, while Sergio Sollima (The Big Gundown, 1966) is the most political filmmaker of the three ‘Sergios’. L.A. County’s explosion of COVID-19 hospitalization is literally off the charts, forcing officials to draw new ones. An aide said Leone worked all day Saturday and was to have flown to the United States today to sign a production deal. The Dollars Trilogy is the unofficial, overarching name assigned to Leone's trio of films.

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